Editorial decisions for RealClimateEconomics.org are made in consultation with the following climate experts from E3 Network’s Climate Economics taskforce.
one of our experts on climate economics and policy.
Expert recommendations for recent books and reports on climate economics.
Expert commentaries and briefs on climate economics.
Senior Scientist, Stockholm Environment Institute – U.S. Center
Frank Ackerman is an economist who has written extensively about the economics of climate change and other environmental problems. His book, Priceless: On Knowing the Price of Everything and the Value of Nothing, is a widely cited critique of cost-benefit analysis and its abuse in U.S. environmental policy. His latest books are Poisoned for Pennies: The Economics of Toxics and Precaution (Island Press, 2008), and Can We Afford the Future? Economics for a Warming World (Zed Books, 2009). He has written numerous academic and popular articles, and has directed policy reports for clients ranging from Greenpeace to the European Parliament. At Tufts University since 1995, he worked for many years at the university’s Global Development and Environment Institute (GDAE), and is now at the Stockholm Environment Institute’s U.S. Center, based at Tufts. He is a founder and member of the steering committee of Economics for Equity and Environment Network, and a member scholar of the Center for Progressive Reform. Frank received his BA in mathematics and economics from Swarthmore College and his PhD in economics from Harvard University, and has taught economics at Tufts University and at the University of Massachusetts.
Assistant Professor, University of Georgia School of Public Policy
Paul Baer is an internationally recognized expert on issues of equity and climate change, with interdisciplinary training including ecological economics, ethics, philosophy of science, risk analysis and simulation modeling. Before joining the School of Public Policy as an Assistant Professor in the fall of 2009, he was a post-doctoral scholar at Stanford University’s Woods Institute for the Environment, as well as research director of EcoEquity, an environmental organization he co-founded in 2000.
Dr. Baer’s focus on climate policy and its ethical dimensions dates from his Masters research at Louisiana State University, where he modeled the distributive implications of alternative assignments of rights in a global carbon trading system. During his time as a PhD student, in addition to publishing a variety of research and policy pieces on climate equity, he coauthored a book with long-term collaborator Tom Athanasiou (Dead Heat: Global Warming and Global Justice. Seven Stories Press, 2002). Since completing his PhD, his major project has been the development, with collaborators from EcoEquity, the Stockholm Environment Institute and elsewhere, of a global climate policy framework called "Greenhouse Development Rights." Dr. Baer’s research has appeared in Environmental Research Letters, Bioscience, The Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Development and Change, Ethics Place and Environment, Contemporary Economic Policy, and Oecologia, and he has published policy editorials in Science and Climatic Change. He also has more than ten chapters published or forthcoming in academic books. Dr. Baer completed his PhD in 2005 at UC Berkeley’s Energy and Resources Group, and also has a BA in Economics from Stanford University and a Masters in Environmental Planning and Management from Louisiana State University.
Director, Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research
Dr. Terry Barker directs the Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research, based at the Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge. He is also Chairman of Cambridge Econometrics, a company applying the results of modeling research for business and government. He was a Co-ordinating Lead Author for the IPCC's Fourth and Third Assessment Reports working on mitigation. He is a member of the Editorial Boards of International Journal of Climate Strategies and Management, of the International Journal of Global Warming and of Economic Systems Research. His research interests include induced technological change and the new economics of climate change, systematic modeling of policies to achieve climate stabilization, the effects of global warming on energy demand, and real carbon prices and long-term economic growth.
Jim Barrett is Chief Economist at the Clean Economy Development Center. He has 13 years of experience working in the nexus of climate change, energy efficiency and economics and has written extensively on the role of efficiency in achieving environmental and economic goals. He was Executive Director of Redefining Progress, a public policy think tank dedicated to promoting a healthy environment, a strong economy, and social justice. Prior to joining Redefining Progress, he was an economist at the Economic Policy Institute, senior economist on the Democratic staff of the Joint Economic Committee, and staff economist at the Institute for Biological Energy Alternatives. Jim earned his B.A. in economics from Bucknell University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in economics from the University of Connecticut.
Professor of Economics, University of Massachusetts
Jim Boyce is a professor of economics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, where he directs the program on development, peacebuilding, and the environment at the Political Economy Research Institute. He is the author of The Political Economy of the Environment (Edward Elgar, 2002), and co-editor of Natural Assets: Democratizing Environmental Ownership (Island Press, 2003). His current work focuses on strategies for combining poverty reduction with environmental protection, and on the relationship between economic policies and issues of war and peace. He received his B.A. from Yale University and his Ph.D. from Oxford University. He is a founder and member of the steering committee of Economics for Equity and the Environment Network.
Chris Busch is an economist and director of policy at the Center for Resource Solutions. His research focuses on the economics of global warming and global warming solutions. Chris Busch was recently appointed to the California Air Resources Board's Economic and Technology Advancement Advisory Committee, one of two advisory bodies explicitly called for in the legislation that established California's landmark climate legislation, the Global Warming Solutions Act. Prior to joining CRS, Busch was a Climate Economist in the Climate Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists. From this post he was deeply involved in implementation of the California Global Warming Solutions Act (Assembly Bill 32) and development of the Western Climate Initiative. In 2006, Chris co-authored the report Managing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in California while he was with U.C. Berkeley's California Climate Change Center. He also served as Senior Research Associate in Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's International Energy Studies Group and worked in the Lab's Appliance and Lighting Standards Group. Busch holds two graduate degrees from the University of California, Berkeley: a Ph.D. in environmental economics from the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics and a Master's in public policy from the Goldman School of Public Policy.
Rachel Cleetus is an economist with the Climate program at UCS. The focus of her work is designing and advocating for effective global warming policies at the federal, regional, state and international levels. These policies include both market-based approaches (such as cap-and-trade programs) and complementary, sector-based approaches (such as efficiency, renewable energy and clean technology R&D). She also analyzes the economic costs of inaction on climate change. Prior to joining UCS, Dr. Cleetus worked as a consultant for the World Wildlife Fund, doing policy-focused research on the links between sustainable development, trade and ecosystems in Asia and Africa. She also worked for Tellus Institute in the energy and environment program, under the mentorship of Steve Bernow. Dr. Cleetus holds a Ph.D. and an M.A. in Economics from Duke and a B.S. in Economics from West Virginia University.
Professor of Economics, Emeritus University of California, Santa Barbara
Steve DeCanio is Professor of Economics, Emeritus at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Professor DeCanio’s research focuses on global environmental protection. He has written about both the contributions and misuse of economics to debates over long-run policy problems such as climate change and stratospheric ozone layer protection. Professor DeCanio has written extensively on corporate organization and behavior as it pertains to the adoption of energy-efficient technologies. His most recent book, Economic Models of Climate Change: A Critique (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2003) discusses some of the limitations of conventional general equilibrium models when applied to climate policy. From 1986 to 1987 DeCanio was Senior Staff Economist at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. He has been a member of the United Nations Environment Programme’s Economic Options Panel, which reviewed the economic aspects of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, and served as Co-Chair of the Montreal Protocol’s Agricultural Economics Task Force of the Technical and Economics Assessment Panel. He participated in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize, and was a recipient of the Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought in 2007. In 1996 he received a Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award, and in 2007 a “Best of the Best” Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award, from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Professor DeCanio has been Director of the UCSB Washington Program since 2004. DeCanio directed the UCSB Washington Program from 2004 to 2009. He is on the steering committee of Economics for Equity and the Environment Network.
Peter Dorman is an economist teaching in the Masters of Environmental Studies program at Evergreen State College in Washington. His primary research areas include: transition to sustainability, labor standards and public health, international trade and the global economy. His specific research issues involve: valuation of life and health, precautionary principle, occupational safety and health, child labor, the theory of international trade. Peter has consulted widely with the International Labour Organization on issues surrounding child labor. Peter received his B.A. in Economics, University of Wisconsin, 1977; Ph.D., Economics, University of Massachusetts, 1987.
B.A., Williams College; Ph.D., University of Michigan. Prior to Directing the Bard Center for Environmental Policy, Goodstein had a 20-year career as a Professor of Economics at Lewis & Clark and Skidmore Colleges. From 2006-2009, Goodstein led the National Teach-In on Global Warming Solutions, coordinating educational events at over 2500 colleges, universities, high schools and other institutions across the country. Goodstein is the author of a college textbook, Economics and the Environment, (John Wiley and Sons: 2007) now in its fifth edition, as well as The Trade-off Myth: Fact and Fiction about Jobs and the Environment. (Island Press: 1999). His most recent book is Fighting for Love in the Century of Extinction: How Passion and Politics Can Stop Global Warming (University Press of New England: 2007). Articles by Goodstein have appeared in The Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Land Economics, Ecological Economics, and Environmental Management. His research has been featured in The New York Times, Scientific American, Time, Chemical and Engineering News, The Economist, USA Today, and The Chronicle of Higher Education. He serves on the editorial board of Sustainability: The Journal of Record, and Environment, Workplace and Employment, is a founder and a member of the steering committee of Economics for Equity and the Environment Network, and is a Member Scholar at the Center for Progressive Reform.
Professor of Environmental Studies, Dartmouth College
Editor-in-chief Ecological Economics
Rich Howarth is an economist who studies the normative aspects of environmental policy and governance with applications to issues such as energy use, climate change, and ecological conservation. His research and teaching are based on the view that rigorous economic analysis is essential to understand the causes of environmental problems and to design solutions that effectively balance the multiple objectives of environmental policy. At the same time, however, environmental issues have moral, behavioral, and ecological dimensions that are sometimes in tension with the assumptions of textbook economics. This highlights the need to connect economics with a broad-based, interdisciplinary approach to environmental policy and management. Professor Howarth graduated summa cum laude from the Biology and Society Program at Cornell (A.B., 1985) before receiving an M.S. in Land Resources from the University of Wisconsin-Madison (1987). He completed his Ph.D. at the Energy and Resources Program at the University of California at Berkeley (1990), where his training focused on the economics of natural resources and sustainable development. Prior to his appointment at Dartmouth College, he held positions at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (1990–1993) and the University of California at Santa Cruz (1993–1998).
Professor of Economics, Middlebury College
For the last several years, Jon Isham’s collaborative work with Middlebury students and others has focused on building the climate movement, as summarized at the ''What Works' project. Based on this work, Island Press published in June 2007 Ignition: What You Can Do to Fight Global Warming and Spark a Movement, which he co-edited with Sissel Waage. He currently serves on advisory boards for Focus the Nation, Climate Counts, and the Vermont Governor’s Commission on Climate Change. He is also a volunteer leader for Vice President Gore’s Climate Project and an advisor to the Presidential Climate Action Project and 1Sky. Jon also co-edited Social Capital, Development, and the Environment with Tom Kelly and Sunder Ramaswamy (Edward Elgar Publications); published articles in Applied Financial Economic Letters, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Journal of African Economies, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Rural Sociology, Society and Natural Resources, Southern Economic Journal, Social Sciences Quarterly, Vermont Law Review, World Bank Economic Review; and World Development; and published book chapters in volumes from Cambridge University Press, The New England University Press, and Oxford University Press. He completed his Ph.D. in economics at the University of Maryland in 2000.
Skip Laitner is a resource economist with more than 40 years experience in energy and economic impact studies, public policy analysis, and economic development planning. He most recently served 10 years as the Senior Economist for Technology Policy within EPA's Office of Atmospheric Programs. In that capacity, Skip was awarded EPA's 1998 Gold Medal for his work with a team of EPA economists that helped set the foundation for the Kyoto Protocol on Greenhouse Gas Emissions. In 2003 he was acknowledged as a technology leader when given the “CHP Champion” award by the U.S. Combined Heat and Power Association. In May 2006 Skip resigned his position with EPA to join the American Council for an Energy–Efficient Economy (ACEEE), an established and respected think tank based in Washington, DC. In his current capacity Skip is focusing on characterizing the scale and scope of energy efficiency technologies as that larger resource might promote a significant but cost-effective reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. He will also explore more dynamic economic modeling techniques to better reflect and evaluate the macroeconomic impacts of productive energy efficiency investments. Skip has written more than 260 journal articles, book chapters, papers and reports in the fields of behavior and social analysis, economic development, decision sciences, energy and utility costs, and natural resource issues. He is a widely recognized speaker and has given both technical and public policy presentations in the United States and abroad. Skip has a master's degree in resource economics.
Associate Professor of Economics, University of Massachusetts
Julie Nelson holds a B.A. degree in Economics from St. Olaf College (1978), and M.A. (1982) and Ph.D. (1986) degrees in Economics from the University of Wisconsin. She is currently an Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Massachusetts Boston and a Senior Research Fellow at the Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University. She has served as a Research Economist at the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and has taught at the University of California-Davis, Brandeis University, Harvard University, and Bates College. She is author of Economics for Humans (University of Chicago Press, 2006) and Feminism, Objectivity, and Economics (Routledge, 1996), co-editor of Beyond Economic Man: Feminist Theory and Economics (University of Chicago Press, 1993) and Feminist Economics Today: Beyond Economic Man (University of Chicago Press, 2003), and co-author of Microeconomics in Context (M.E. Sharpe, 2008), Macroeconomics in Context (M.E. Sharpe, 2008), and Introducing Economics: A Critical Guide for Teaching (M.E. Sharpe, 2007). Her peer-reviewed journal publications span 20 years, covering a broad range of topics ranging from technical issues in econometrics and labor economics, through feminist economics, ethics, and related questions; her most recent article is “Economists, Value Judgments, and Climate Change: A View from Feminist Economics,” (Ecological Economics, 2008). She was a founding board member of the International Association for Feminist Economics, and is currently an Associate Editor of Feminist Economics.
Richard Norgaard is Professor of Energy and Resources Group and of Agriculture and Resource Economics at the University of California at Berkeley. He received his B.A. in economics from the University of California at Berkeley, M.S. in agricultural economics from Oregon State University, and Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago in 1971. Among the founders of the field of ecological economics, his recent research addresses how environmental problems challenge scientific understanding and the policy process, how ecologists and economists understand systems differently, and how globalization affects environmental governance. He has field experience in the Brazilian Amazon, Alaska, and Vietnam with minor forays in other parts of the globe. Dr. Norgaard is the author of one book, co-author or editor of three additional books, and has over 100 other publications spanning the fields of environment and development, tropical forestry and agriculture, environmental epistemology, energy economics, and ecological economics. Though an eclectic scholar, he is also among the 1000 economists in the world most cited by other economists (Millennium Editions of Who's Who in Economics, 2000) and was one of ten American economists interviewed in The Changing Face of Economics: Conversations with Cutting Edge Economists (Colander, Holt, and Rosser, University of Michigan Press, 2004). He is currently writing on how the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment facilitate collective understandings of complex systems.
Shelley Norman has been an Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, since 2005. She received her BA in Economics and Political Science from Drew University, and her Ph.D. and M.A. in Economics from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her research interests include understanding links between the natural capital embodied in resource endowments and institutional and development outcomes; economics of international environmental agreements; evaluating linkages between economic growth and environmental quality; environmental policy analysis; and Applied Environmental Microeconomics. She is a member of the Technical and Economic Assessment Panel (Agricultural Economics Task Force) of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (2003).
Vice President, Knowledge Systems Ecotrust
Astrid Scholz is Vice President for Knowledge Systems at Ecotrust, a Portland, Oregon–based conservation organization committed to building a future that strengthens communities and the environment from Alaska to California. An ecological economist by training, she conceptualizes and analyzes the linkages between ecological, economic and social systems in the West Coast's emerging conservation economy. In her capacity as a member of Ecotrust's executive team, she is responsible for managing a staff of 12, overseeing several projects and contracts, and fundraising. She is an affiliate faculty member of Oregon State University's College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, and is the co-editor of a book on integrated marine geographic information systems, Place Matters (OSU Press, 2005). She serves on the boards of the Pacific Marine Conservation Council, Habitat Media, and the Living Oceans Society, and is a member of the Science Advisory Team to the Marine Life Protection Act in California. She received her M.A. in Economics and Philosophy from the University of St. Andrews, her M.Sc. in Economics from the University of Bristol, and her Ph.D. in Energy and Resources from the University of California, Berkeley. She is a founder and member of the steering committee of Economics for Equity and the Environment Network.
Project Manager, United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
Serban Scrieciu was Senior Research Associate at the Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research within the Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge. He has recently become project manager at the UNEP’s Division of Technology, Industry and Economics where he will be working on the economics of climate change mitigation and adaptation policies, and providing guidance, particularly to developing country governments, for developing economically sound long-term climate change policies and plans. His research focuses on the new economics of climate change and the modeling of mitigation policies at the European and global level. The new economics approach involves a whole-systems inter-disciplinary approach to the climate change issue with an emphasis on dynamics, complexity, uncertainty and institutional interactions. He has also written on economics, ethics and climate change, land use change and climate mitigation, economic drivers of deforestation, the limitation of CGE models for sustainability impact assessment, and other development-related issues. Serban also developed expertise in the area of agriculture and sustainable rural development, particularly with application to the new EU member states of Central and Eastern Europe.
Kristen Sheeran is the director of Economics for Equity and the Environment Network (E3), a nationwide network of economists developing new arguments for environmental protection with a social justice focus. Her research is focused on the tension between equity and efficiency in public goods provision, the political economy of environmental policy, and climate change mitigation. She is author of Saving Kyoto (New Holland, 2009) with Graciela Chichilnisky. In addition to her popular writing about economics and the environment and publications for the E3 Network, she as published scholarly articles in Environmental and Resource Economics, Ecological Economics, Climatic Change, Journal of Economic Issues, Eastern Economic Journal, Seattle Journal for Social Justice, and Berkeley La Raza Law Journal. Prior to her role with Economics for Equity and the Environment Network, she was an associate professor of economics at St. Mary’s College of Maryland. She graduated summa cum laude with a B.A. in economics and political science from Drew University, and received her Ph.D. in economics from American University.
Liz Stanton, Ph.D.
Staff Scientist, Stockholm Environment Institute – U.S. Center
Liz Stanton is an Economist at SEI-US with experience in both technical and popular writing about economic and environmental policy issues. Her research focuses on the economics of climate change and environmental policy, and the relationship between inequality and human well-being. She was the lead author of SEI’s recent review of integrated assessment models and of SEI’s widely acclaimed study of the costs of climate change for Florida. She is currently the principal researcher on studies of the economics of climate impacts and policy in Armenia and in Macedonia, both sponsored by the United Nations Development Program. Dr. Stanton holds a Ph.D. in economics at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst. In addition to many SEI publications on climate change, she is the author of Environment for the People, with James K. Boyce, and the editor of Reclaiming Nature: Worldwide Strategies for Building Natural Assets, with James K. Boyce and Sunita Narain.